Friday, October 10, 2008


The Utsuls are a tiny ethnic group which lives on the island of Hainan and are considered one of the People's Republic of China's . They are found on the southernmost tip of Hainan near the city of Sanya. According to the traditions of the Utsuls, their ancestors were Muslims who migrated southward out of Central Asia into their present day location. However, they are thought to be descendants of refugees who fled their homeland in what is now southern Vietnam to escape from Vietnamese invasion.

While most of the Chams who fled Champa went to neighbouring Cambodia, a small business class fled northwards. How they came to acquire the name Utsul is unknown.

Although they are culturally distinct from their neighbours, the Chinese government places them as members of the nationality. However, from reports by Hans Stübel, the German ethnographer who "discovered" them in the 1930s, their language is completely unrelated to any other language spoken in mainland China. They are speakers of the Tsat language, which is one of the few Malayo-Polynesian languages that is . In any case, they share nothing more but religion with other Hui people.

Tianya Haijiao

Tianya Haijiao is a popular resort in the southern part of Hainan Province, People's Republic of China. It is located 24 km to the west of Sanya's Municipal Area.

The venue is considered the south-most point of China's land area, therefore many tourists also come for sight-seeing. To the south of the Cape is the South China Seas and some islets are in the sight, providing a marvellous view to visitors when the weather is fine.

In Chinese literature, the cape is mentioned in many famous poems, such as "''I will follow you to Tian-Ya-Hai-Jiao''", which means the couple will never be separated. Therefore many newlyweds spend part of their honeymoon visiting the place, just like young Indian couples visiting the Taj Mahal Palace in Agra.

Popular tourist attractions

*The Rocks of Sun and Moon are two boulders near hundreds of other uniquely shaped rocks. Here the "Sun" refers to "husband" and the "Moon" refers to "wife". Looking from the distance, they resemble a couple entwined to each other but they are in fact separate rocks.

*Southern Heaven Rock , a boulder near the Rock of Sun and Moon, with a famous poem of Fan Yun-Ti inscribed on its top.

* Tian-Ya Cliff , with inscription of Cheng Zhe's writing on its top.

* Pre-Historic Shell Museum

External References

* , the English site is currently under construction.

TCL Classic

The TCL Classic was a men's professional golf which was played on a by Robert Trent Jones, Jr. at Yalong Bay Golf Club in Sanya on Hainan Island, People's Republic of China four times between 2002 and 2007.

The tournament was first played in , when, as an event sanctioned by the Asian Tour, it was won by Colin Montgomerie. The event was not held in 2003 or 2004 but was reintroduced in with co-sanctioning from the consistent with the latter's expansion to China, in which more Tour events are played than in any other country save the United Kingdom. In , the tournament offered a of 1,000,000, which fund was one of the smallest amongst those of European Tour events. The TCL Classic was dropped from the 2008 schedule.


Qiongshan District

Qiongshan is one of the four which make up the city of Haikou, the capital of Hainan province of the People's Republic of China.

Qiongshan dialect of Lingao is spoken in Qiongshan.

Hai Rui, a Ming Dynasty official, after who Hai Rui Park is named, was from Qiongshan. Chen Yuyi, Chairman of CPPCC Hainan Provincial Committee, was born in Qiongshan in 1936.

List of prisons in Hainan Province

This is a list of prisons within Hainan province of the People's Republic of China.
*Danxian Prison
*Ding'an Prison
*Haikou Prison
*Ledong Prison
*Meilan Prison
*Provincial Juvenile Offenders Department Fengxiang Prison
*Qionghai Prison
*Qiongshan Prison
*Sanya Prison

List of administrative divisions of Hainan


The political divisions of Hainan are:
* Two prefecture-level cities:
** Haikou City , subdivided into four county-level :
*** Longhua District
*** Xiuying District
*** Qiongshan District
*** Meilan District
** Sanya City

* Sixteen county-level divisions directly under the province, with no intermediate prefecture level:
** Six county-level cities:
*** Wenchang City
*** Qionghai City
*** Wanning City
*** Wuzhishan City
*** Dongfang City
*** Danzhou City
** Four :
*** Lingao County
*** Chengmai County
*** Ding'an County
*** Tunchang County
** Six :
*** Changjiang Li Autonomous County
*** Baisha Li Autonomous County
*** Qiongzhong Li and Miao Autonomous County
*** Lingshui Li Autonomous County
*** Baoting Li and Miao Autonomous County
*** Ledong Li Autonomous County

There is also the Hainan Province Paracels, Spratlys, and Zhongsha Islands Authority, which oversees the South China Sea Islands: the Xisha , Zhongsha , and Nansha . The Spratlys are in reality disputed and divided among China and several neighbouring countries, while the Macclesfield Bank is claimed by the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China , and Vietnam, but administered by no one.

The cities and counties of Hainan are divided into 218 township-level divisions, including 181 s, twenty s, and seventeen subdistricts.

Hainanese (ethnic group)

The Hainanese is a Chinese ethnic group, originating from Hainan Island .
The Hainanese are considered a subgroup of the much larger Han ethnicity .

Much of the population of the Hainanese people, along with the Hakka, and peoples is now in diaspora. In many Southeast Asian countries, including Malaysia they were never the dominant Chinese ethnic group.

Most Hainanese people were originally from the Fujian and Guangdong provinces who later settled in the island of . Towards the turn of the 20th century, many of them migrated to the various Southeast Asian countries where they worked as cooks, restaurateurs, coffeeshop owners, sailors and hoteliers. In fact, the person who actually created the world-famous Singapore Sling at the renowned Singapore Raffles Hotel, Mr. Ngiam Tong Boon, was himself a Hainanese.

The Hainanese are also known for their signature dishes such as the Hainanese Chicken Rice, Hainanese Pork Chops, Hainanese Mutton Soup, Hainanese Salted Fish Soup and Beef Noodle Soup. In Singapore, one can find some of these signature dishes served at the various eateries located along Purvis Street - which is often referred to as "Singapore's Hainan Street".